Welcome to ESPON Polish Contact Point!

FOCI - Future Orientation for Cities - Draft Final Report is now online


The FOCI Draft Final Report sets out the emerging project findings. The FOCI project analyses the current state, trends and development perspectives for the largest cities and urban agglomerations within the European territory.

The report provides a general overview of the state and perspectives of city development based on a review of scientific literature. In addition the report presents some new empirical findings that add up to the current discussion on city development. The empirical findings include territorial evidence on economic and social development of cities in Europe, on spatial appearances of European cities (extension, form, city-hinterland relations) and on co-operation. The report finally includes elaborated scenarios helping cities to assess and address their upcoming challenges.

ESPON FOCI, produced by Free University of Brussels – IGEAT and 6 Partners (Autonomous University of Barcelona, EUROREG, National Technical University of Athens, Institute of Geography of Lausanne University, ENPC School, Géographie-cités UMR 8504) shall deliver its Final Report on December 2010.

Read the Draft Final Report as well as all background documents at the ESPON Website.